Closely related in great expansion worldwide, the fields of molecular electronics, quantum electronics and spintronics are upstream of conventional microelectronics and promising of major technological breakthroughs
Molecular electronics deals with the study of systems, components and circuits, made of only one or a few nano-objects : molecules, nanotubes, nanowires or nanoparticles. The study of the quantum properties of electronic circuits allows firstly undersanting how quantum coherence affects electronic transport, and secondly it allows this coherence to be exploited for quantum information processing. The spin has become a major quantum variable of fundamental effects at the nanoscale, thus the links between spintronics and molecular ans quantum electronics are now obvious.
This convergence of disciplines also bring NE axis closer to NanoChemical exis (molecular, spintronics), NanoBioSciences axis (magnetic sensors for the biomedical sector) and NanoPhotonics axis (magneto-plasmonics and spin-photonics). Spintronics is now moving towards devices based on hybrid heterostructures combining materials such as metals, semiconductors and ferromagnetic or ferroelectrics oxides, leaning on engineering of interfaces, and taking advantage of advanced characterizations in nanomagnetism.